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On August 16, 1990, the Department of Education issued the final regulations implementing amendments to the Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act enacted on December 12, 1989 in the Federal Register. The goal of the amendments is to require each institution of higher education to certify that it has adopted and implemented a program to prevent the unlawful possession, use, or distribution of illicit drugs and alcohol by students and employees. Note that no distinction is made in the Act between full-time and part-time or permanent and temporary students or employees. Under these amendments, each institution of higher education must have a drug and alcohol abuse prevention program including annual distribution of a report to every employee and to any student taking one or more classes for any type of academic credit (except continuing education units). The report is required to include:
This policy statement is specific to Union Institute & University students. It has been adapted from the policy for employees as published in the Human Resources Policy Manual. The use, sale, transfer or possession of alcohol or controlled substances by students creates a potential for harm and is not permitted on Union Institute & University (UI&U) property or at any university sponsored learning activity or events, except as specifically authorized by this policy.
UI&U encourages students who have problems with alcohol or use of controlled substances to make use of available internal and external resources to help control or resolve their problem. UI&U supports rehabilitative efforts and will assist if requested to do so.
If a student has a medical condition or a substance addiction and has reason to believe the condition may impair attendance or performance, he/she are expected to notify his/her faculty advisor or dean. However, students should be aware that providing information about a medical condition or substance addiction for the first time during a disciplinary proceeding will not negate the disciplinary action from continuing.
UI&U may assist individuals who have violated this policy through referral to a rehabilitation program, but is under no obligation to do so beyond the information provided in the statement on Drug and Alcohol Abuse Prevention.
If the student’s use of a controlled substances is related to a condition that qualifies as a disability under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), he or she may also apply for accommodation to the university’s ADA coordinator, in accordance with published procedures. Requests for ADA accommodation and/or rehabilitation assistance do not preclude any disciplinary action for violations of this or any other university policy.
Effective 3/1/2009 as revised
Drug abuse affects all aspects of American life. It threatens the workplace as well as our homes, our schools, and our community. The U.S. Department of Education requires institutions of higher education to implement a drug- prevention and awareness program for their students and employees. UI&U has a “Zero-Tolerance” policy regarding the unlawful use, sale, possession and/or distribution of illegal drugs and alcohol.
All members of the UI&U community must adhere to a code of conduct that recognizes that the unlawful manufacture, sale, delivery, unauthorized possession, or use of any illicit drug is prohibited on property owned or otherwise controlled by UI&U. If an individual associated with UI&U is apprehended for violating any drug or alcohol related law when on university property, or participating in a university activity, the university will fully support and cooperate with federal and state law enforcement agencies.
The materials that follow are intended to help inform the university community of the standards of conduct required with regard to illicit drugs and alcohol and the possible consequences of inappropriate behavior.
The following national toll-free telephone numbers are provided to assist any member of the university community who may have a drug or alcohol problem. These various agencies can provide guidance and assistance in identifying a counseling, treatment, or rehabilitation program that meets individual needs.
Health risks of using alcohol or other drugs include both physical and psychological effects. The health consequences of drugs depend on the frequency, duration, and the intensity of use. For all drugs, there is a risk of overdose. Overdose can result in coma, convulsions, psychosis, or death. Combinations of certain drugs, such as alcohol and barbiturates, can be lethal. The purity and strength of doses of illegal drugs are uncertain. Continued use of substances can lead to tolerance (requiring more and more of a drug to get the same effect), dependence (physical or psychological need), or withdrawal (a painful, difficult and dangerous symptom when stopping the use of drugs). Long-term chronic use of drugs can lead to malnutrition, organic damage to the body, and psychological problems. The risk of AIDS and other diseases increases if drugs are injected. The consumption of alcohol or drugs by pregnant woman may cause abnormalities (such as Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, the third leading cause of birth defects) in babies.
Physical and Psychological Dependence and Effects of Specific Drugs
DRUGS OF ABUSE/Uses and Effects U.S. Department of Justice Drug Enforcement Administration
Effects of Overdose
Euphoria, drowsiness, respiratory depression, constricted pupils, nausea
Slow and shallow breathing, clammy skin, convulsions, coma, possible death
gamma Hydroxybutyric Acid
Slurred speech, disorientation, drunken behavior without odor of alcohol, impaired memory of events, interacts with alcohol
Shallow respiration, clammy skin, dilated pupils, weak and rapid pulse, coma, possible death
Increased alertness, excitation, euphoria, increased pulse rate & blood pressure, insomnia, loss of appetite
Agitation, increased body temperature, hallucinations, convulsions, possible death
MDMA and Analogs
Heightened senses, teeth grinding and dehydration
Increased body temperature, electrolyte imbalance, cardiac arrest
Illusions and hallucinations, altered perception of time and distance
(LSD) Longer, more intense “trip” episodes
Phencyclidine and Analogs
Unable to direct movement, feel pain, or remember
Euphoria, relaxed inhibitions, increased appetite, disorientation
Fatigue, paranoia, possible psychosis
Hashish and Hashish Oil
Virilization, edema, testicular atrophy, gyneco-mastia, acne, aggressive behavior
Other Anabolic Steroids
Amyl and Butyl Nitrite
Flushing, hypotension, headache
Impaired memory, slurred speech, drunken behavior, slow onset vitamin deficiency, organ damage
Vomiting, respiratory depression, loss of consciousness, possible death
Federal Sanctions – Illicit Drug Laws
Pursuant to federal law, the United States Sentencing Guidelines establish mandatory minimum penalties for categories of drug offenses and provide for penalty enhancements in specific cases. Under these federal guidelines, courts can sentence a person for up to 6 years for unlawful possession of a controlled substance, including the distribution of a small amount (less than 250 grams) of marijuana; a sentence of life imprisonment can result from a conviction of possession of a controlled substance that results in death or bodily injury; and, possession of more than 5 grams of cocaine can
For additional details about Federal illicit drug laws:
Cocaine (Schedule II)
500 – 4999 gms mixture
Not less than 5 yrs, and not more than 40 yrs. If death or serious injury, not less than 20 or more than life. Fine of not more than $2 million if an individual, $5 million if not an individual
Second Offense: Not less than 10 yrs, and not more than life. If death or serious injury, life imprisonment. Fine of not more than $4 million if an individual, $10 million if not an individual
5 kgs or more mixture
Not less than 10 yrs, and not more than life. If death or serious injury, not less than 20 or more than life. Fine of not more than $4 million if an individual, $10 million if not an individual.
Second Offense: Not less than 20 yrs, and not more than life. If death or serious injury, life imprisonment. Fine of not more than $8 million if an individual, $20 million if not an individual.
2 or More Prior Offenses: Life imprisonment
Cocaine Base (Schedule II)
5-49 gms mixture
50 gms or more mixture
Fentanyl (Schedule II)
40 – 399 gms mixture
400 gms or more mixture
Fentanyl Analogue (Schedule I)
10 – 99 gms mixture
100 gms or more mixture
Heroin (Schedule I)
100 – 999 gms mixture
1 kg or more mixture
LSD (Schedule I)
1 – 9 gms mixture
10 gms or more mixture
Methamphetamine (Schedule II)
5 – 49 gms pure or 50 – 499 gms mixture
50 gms or more pure or 500 gms or more mixture
PCP (Schedule II)
10 – 99 gms pure or 100 – 999 gms mixture
100 gm or more pure or 1 kg or more mixture
Other Sched I & II drugs (and any drug product containing Gamma Hydroxybutyric Acid)
First Offense: Not more that 20 yrs. If death or serious injury, not less than 20 yrs, or more than Life. Fine $1 million if an individual, $5 million if not an individual.
Second Offense: Not more than 30 yrs. If death or serious injury, not less than life. Fine $2 million if an individual, $10 million if not an individual
1 gm or more
Other Schedule III drugs
First Offense: Not more than 5 years. Fine not more than $250,000 if an individual, $1 million if not an individual.
Second Offense: Not more 10 yrs. Fine not more than $500,000 if an individual, $2 million if not an individual
Flunitrazepam (Schedule IV)
30 to 999 mgs
All other Schedule IV drugs
First Offense: Not more than 3 years. Fine not more than $250,000 if an individual, $1 million if not an individual.
Second Offense: Not more than 6 yrs. Fine not more than $500,000 if an individual, $2 million if not an individual.
Less than 30 mgs
All Schedule V drugs
First Offense: Not more than 1 yr. Fine not more than $100,000 if an individual, $250,000 if not an individual.
Second Offense: Not more than 2 yrs. Fine not more than $200,000 if an individual, $500,000 if not an individual.
PENALTIES: 1st OFFENSE
PENALTIES: 2nd OFFENSE
1,000 kg or more mixture; or 1,000 or more plants
100 kg to 999 kg mixture; or 100 to 999 plants
more than 10 kgs hashish; 50 to 99 kg mixture
more than 1 kg of hashish oil; 50 to 99 plants
1 to 49 plants; less than 50 kg mixture
10 kg or less
1 kg or less